NAMA
Registry of Mushrooms in Works of Art

Works Attributed to Otto Marseus van Schrieck

Otto Marseus van Schrieck Otto Marseus van Schrieck still life 3 Otto Marseus van Schrieck still life 2

The numbers refer to the figure and catalog numbers in Susanna Steensma’s book Otto Marseus van Schrieck. Leben und Werke. Hildesheim and New York: Georg Olms Verlag. 1999.

  • Fig. 28 cat. B1. 8
  • Birds, lizard, snake and butterflies (Vogel, Eidechse, Schlange und Schmetterlinge)
  • Location: Florence
  • Mushroom description: Amanita caesarea, Agaricus cf. arvensis
  • Fig. 29 cat. B1. 9 (Florence)
  • Bird, insects and flowers (Vogel, Insekten und Blumen)
  • Mushroom description: Coprinus cf. micaceus
  • Fig. 32 cat. B1.12 (Roma)
  • Flowers, mushrooms and butterflies. (Blumen, Pilze und Schmetterlinge)
  • Mushroom description: Amanita cf.caesarea
  • Fig. 33 cat. B1.13 (Roma)
  • Flowers, mushrooms, insects and reptiles (Blumen, Pilze, Insekten und Reptilien)
  • Mushroom description: Two Amanita caesarea
  • Fig. 34 cat. B1.14 (Florence)
  • Mushrooms and butterflies (Pilze und Schmetterlinge)
  • Mushroom description: Russula cf. pectinatoides, Russula sp., Coprinus sp.
  • Fig. 35 cat. B1.15 (private)
  • Untitled (Ohne Titel)
  • Mushroom description: Two Amanita caesarea, one Agaricus arvensis, one Russula sp., one Coprinus sp.
  • Fig. 36 cat. B1.16 (private, Virginia)
  • Still life (Stilleben)
  • Mushroom description: Ramaria sp., unidentified pileate Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 37 cat.B1.16A (Rouen)
  • Mushrooms and insects(Champignons und Insekten)
  • Mushroom description: Ramaria botrytis, Amanita caesarea, Macrolepiota sp., Cantharellus cibarius, Cladonia sp., undentified pileated Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 38 cat. B1.17 (private, London)
  • Forest understory with mushrooms (Sottobosco mit Pilzen)
  • Agaricus arvensis, Ramaria botrytis, Cantharellus cibarius, several undentified pileate Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 39 cat. B1.18 (Basel)
  • Interpretation reproduced from Larousse Encyclopedia
  • Reptiles, mushrooms and butterflies (Reptilien, Pilze und Schmetterlinge)
  • Mushroom description: Amanita pantherina, Amanita citrina, Clathrus ruber, Coprinus micaceus, Russula sp., Vascellum pratense, Mycena galericulata, Aleuria aurantia, Agaricus silvicola, Cladonia sp.
  • Fig. 41 cat. B1.20 (private)
  • Lizard in a lanscape (Eidechse in einer Landschaft)
  • Mushroom description: Agaricus arvensis
  • Fig. 43 cat. B1.22 (private)
  • Forest scene (Waldszene)
  • Mushroom description: Agaricus arvensis, Ramaria botrytis, Amanita caesarea, Phallus impudicus
  • Fig. 45 cat. B1.24 (Schwerin)
  • Mushroom description: Geastrum sp., unidentified pileate Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 54 cat. B1.33 (Braunschweig)
  • Still life with insects and amphibians (Stilleben mit Insekten und Amphibien)
  • Interpretation of colored reproductions in various books. Dated 1662
  • Mushroom description: Two Amanita caesarea, Tricholoma cf. populinum, Ramaria botrytis, Boletus erythropus (=luridiformis, = miniatoporus), Boletus sp. (very old specimen)
  • Web: http://www.artothek.de/thumbs/010826g_2.jpg
  • Fig. 55 cat. B1.34 (private)
  • Forest understory still life with mushrooms, flowers and insects (Waldbodenstilleben mit Pilzen, Blumen und Insekten)
  • Note: No mushrooms visible in reproduction, but fungi mentioned in title of painting
  • Fig. 69 cat. B1.47 (private) dated 1665
  • Animal life on and by a tree: three snakes, toad, lizard, songbirds and butterflies (Tierleben auf and ab einem Baum: drei Schlangen, Kröte, Eidechse, Singvögel Schmetterlinge)
  • Mushroom description: Two Amanita caesarea, one Russula sp., one Ramaria cf. botrytis, one unidentifiable pileate Hymenomycete
Note: There is a notable change in mycological content after 1665. Before this time, many of the mushrooms are those found in Italian markets. Thereafter, they include mainly those found in forests. Van Schrieck left Italy to settle in the Netherlands about that time.
  • Fig. 71 cat. B1.49 (Copenhagen)
  • Mushroom description: Numerous small gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 78 cat. B 1.56 (Karlsruhe)
  • Mushroom description: Three gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 93 cat. B1.69 (New York)
  • Still life with poppies, insect and reptiles (Stilleben mit Mohnblumen, Insekten und Reptilien)
  • Mushroom description: Numerous small gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 94 cat. B1.70 (private)
  • Untitled
  • Mushroom description: Two small gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 95 cat. B1.71 (private)
  • Forest still life (Waldstilleben)
  • Mushroom description: One small gilled Hymenomycete, cf. Psathyrella candolleana
  • Fig. 111 cat. B1.86 (Kraków)
  • Forest still life with mushrooms (Waldstilleben mit Pilzen)
  • Mushroom description: Several small gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 115 cat. B1.90 (Dresden, lost) dated 1673
  • Plants with insects, amphibians and reptiles (Pflanzen mit Insekten, Amphibien und Reptilien)
  • Mushroom description: Two small gilled Hymenomycetes, cf. Hygrocybe sp.
  • Fig. 116 cat. B1.91 (Hamburg)
  • Pea shrub (Erbsenstaude)
  • Mushroom description: Two small gilled Hymenomycetes, cf. Hygrocybe sp.
  • Fig. 117 cat. B 1.92 (Cambridge)
  • Mushroom description: One gilled Hymenomycete cf. Hygrocybe (with thick distant gills, as in fig. 115, dated 1673, and fig. 116)
  • Fig. 120 cat. B1.95 (Berlin)
  • Melde, Pilze, Schlangen und Schmetterlinge
  • Mushroom description: Several small gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 122 cat. B1.96 (Hannover)
  • Butterflies and flowers. (Schmetterlinge und Blumen)
  • Mushroom description: (pl.VIII) Two gilled Hymenomycetes, cf. Coprinus
  • Fig. 126 cat.B1.100 (Munich)
  • Flower still life. (Blumenstück)
  • Mushroom description: Several small gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 129 cat.B1.103 (Schwerin)
  • Mushrooms, frog and grasshoppers. (Pilze, Frosch und Grashüpfer)
  • Mushroom description: Several small gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 130 cat.B1.104 (Hannover, lost)
  • Flowers and butterflies (Blumen und Schmetterlinge)
  • Mushroom description: Two gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Note: Authorship of Marseus van Schrieck unsure
  • Fig. 137 cat. B2. 6 (Bruxelles - by Lachtropius ?)
  • Thistle and snake (Distel und Schlange)
  • Mushroom description: Several small gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 138 cat. B 2. 7 (London, in trade)
  • Mushroom description: Two pileate Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 141 cat. B2.12 (private)
  • Underground still life (Untergrundstilleben)
  • Mushroom description: Two or three gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 142 cat. B 2.10 (France, in trade)
  • Mushroom description: Several pileate Hymenomycetes (reproduction very indistinct)
  • Fig. 149 cat. B2.18 (Cambridge)
  • Silver birch trunk with animals and insects (Silberbirkenstamm mit Tieren und Insekten)
  • Mushroom description: Three gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 150 cat. B2.19 (private - by Rachel Ruysch ?)
  • Forest understory with snowdrops, mushrooms, turtle, snake and a lizard by a birch tree (Waldboden mit Schneeglöckchen, Pilzen, Schildkröte, Schlange und eine Eidechse an einer Birke)
  • Mushroom description: Two gilled Hymenomycetes, Cantharellus cibarius, Ramaria cf. botrytis
  • Fig. 153 cat. B2.22 (private)
  • Untitled
  • Mushroom description: One pileate Hymenomycete
  • Fig. 154 cat. B2.23 (private)
  • Untitled
  • Mushroom description: Several gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 155 cat. B2.24 (Prague)
  • Forest understory still life (Waldstilleben)
  • Mushroom description: Several gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 156 cat. B2.25 (Würzburg)
  • Dead salamander. (Die Tote Salamander)
  • Mushroom description: Two pileate Hymenomycetes in background
  • Fig. 174 cat. B 3.13 (Florence, Uffizi)
  • Note: by van Aelst?
  • Mushroom description: One little gilled Hymenomycete, cf. Psathyrella
  • Fig. 177 cat. B3.16 (Paris - possibly by Rachel Ruysch)
  • Still life with mushrooms and butterflies (Stilleben mit Pilzen und Schmetterlinge)
  • Mushroom description: Group of lignicolous gilled Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 199 cat. B3.45 (London, in trade)
  • Mushroom description: Two Hymenomycetes with decurrent gills - cf. Lactarius sp.
  • Fig. 202 cat. B3.39 (exhibition Bergamo - possibly by J-B van Hulst)
  • Forest understory (Sottobosco)
  • Mushroom description: Three gilled Hymenomycetes with umbonate pileus
  • Fig. 204 cat. B 3.41 (London, Sotheby, in trade)
  • Mushroom description: Two pileate Hymenomycetes, cf. Coprinus reproduction indistinct, no stem visible
  • Fig. 207 cat. B 3.44 (New York, in trade)
  • Note: dated 1662, by circle of Withoos?
  • Mushroom description: Two little gilled Hymenomycetes.
  • Fig. 208 cat. B3.46 (London, in trade)
  • Lizards, snakes and butterflies (Eidechsen, Schlangen und Schmetterlinge)
  • Mushroom description: Several pileate Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 209 cat. B3.47 (London, in trade)
  • Lizards, snakes and butterflies (Eidechsen, Schlangen und Schmetterlinge)
  • Mushroom description: Several indistinct pileate Hymenomycetes
  • Fig. 222 cat. C2. 1 (Paris)
  • Mushrooms, butterflies, fruits and flowers (Pilzen, Schmetterlinge, Früchten und Blumen)
  • Mushroom description: Several gilled Hymenomycetes (cf. Coprinus)

Works not in Steensma’s book

  • [a]
  • Funghi e farfalle
  • Location: Galleria Palatina, Florence
  • Mushroom description: One Amanita caesarea, one hygrophoroid species
  • [b]
  • Fleurs, lizards et papillons
  • Location: Bordeaux, Musee de beaux artes
  • Reference: Joconde website
  • [d]
  • Nocturnal forest understory with snakes, a lizard, a snail, a toad and butterflies
  • Size: 61.3 x 50.2 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Lower right corner: a brown gilled mushroom (Cortinarius ?) near a toad
  • Reference: Phillips Auctioneers. Old Master Paintings, Part I. 10-07-2001. London. 152 pp, fig. 42
  • [e]
  • Wild fowl, flowers and insects at the foot of a tree
  • Medium: Oil on copper; size: 45 x 30.5 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Middle lower part: two mushrooms between a snail and a lizard
  • Reference: Sotheby's. Old Master Paintings and Drawings. Amsterdam: November 1981. p. 81, fig. 135

Species frequency

  • Amanita caesarea: 28, 32, 33, 35, 37, 42, 43, 54, 69
  • Amanita citrina: 39
  • Amanita patherina: 39
  • Agaricus arvensis: 28, 35, 38, 41, 43
  • Agaricus silvaticus: 38
  • Aleuria aurantia: 39
  • Boletus sp.: 54
  • Cantharellus cibarius: 37, 38, 150
  • Clathrus ruber: 39
  • Coprinus cf. micaceus: 29, 39, 204
  • Coprinus sp.: 34, 35, 122, 222
  • Geastrum sp.: 45
  • Hygrocybe sp.: 115, 117
  • Lactarius sp.: 199
  • Macrolepiota sp.: 37
  • Mycena galericulata: 39
  • Phallus impudicus: 43
  • Psathyrella cf. candolleana: 95, 174
  • Ramaria sp.: 36
  • Ramaria botrytis: 37, 38, 43, 54, 69, 150
  • Russula cf. pectinatoides: 34
  • Russula sp.: 34, 35, 39, 69
  • Tricholoma cf. Populinum: 54
  • Unidentified pileated agaric: 36, 38, 42, 45, 69, 71, 93, 94, 111, 120, 129, 130, 137, 138, 141, 142, 149, 150, 153, 154, 155, 156, 177, 207, 208, 209
  • Lichens: Cladonia sp.: 39
 

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